Temporary and Permanent Impacts

Signet Development recently announced the construction of a new $35 million Center for Integrated Wellness healthcare facility in Bloomington. The Center will house about 100 professionals currently working in four different facilities. How can we compare the economic impact of new non-residential construction to the economic impact of the healthcare service industry?

BroMennMedical

IMPLAN allows us to separate the non-recurring impact of building a $35 million healthcare facility from the recurring impact of employing 100 healthcare professionals. According to IMPLAN, the new construction will increase aggregate regional economic output by $45 million once and the healthcare professionals’ work will generate an aggregate regional economic output of $22.6 million every year.

The impact of healthcare jobs on the regional economy is remarkable. In approximately two years the direct economic impact of the labor force housed in this new facility will match its construction expense. A brief report is available here.

Comparing Losses to Manufacturing Labor

Up until 2011 Bloomington used to be the headquarters of the Home Care Products division of Electrolux. The Pantagraph.com reports that more than a decade before moving their corporate offices for the vacuum cleaner business to Charlotte, N.C., the company closed their Normal manufacturing plant. This plant employed 360 workers. How would that labor loss to small appliance manufacturing in 2000 compare to the loss of 1,200 jobs to car manufacturing at Mitsubishi in 2004?

electrolux_4581The up-to-date version of IMPLAN that we are using cannot explicitly model the small appliance manufacturing industry in McLean county because it no longer exists in our region. Thus, we turn to the RIMS II multipliers to compare the economic impact of these two losses to manufacturing labor.

Labor losses to electrical equipment and appliance manufacturing have a 6.77% larger impact on the size of the regional labor force than labor losses to motor vehicle, body, trailer, and parts manufacturing. At the same time, the impact on regional earnings from the relocation of Electrolux was, dollar for dollar, -6.44% smaller than the impact on regional earnings from the scaling-down of Mitsubishi operations. A discussion of those figures is posted here.

Benchmarking Labor Force Losses

State Farm Insurance Companies is the single largest employer in McLean County. It recently announced the relocation of part of its roughly 15,000-strong labor force to new facilities in the U.S. South and Southwest. Although no precise figures have been disclosed The Pantagraph.com reports that the unit affected, the Illinois Claims Operations Center employs 1,600 people in Bloomington. What would be the economic impact of such as loss to the local labor force?

state-farm-logo

In order to benchmark that impact we could compare it to the loss of 1,200 jobs at the Mitsubishi Motors North America plant that occurred in 2004 when a whole production shift was eliminated. At that time Mitsubishi was the third largest local employer.

Mitsubishi_Logo_Red

According to IMPLAN, although the direct loss to local labor from a potential relocation of 1,600 State Farm jobs is 33% larger than the direct loss to local labor from the elimination of 1,200 Mitsubishi jobs the total impact to the regional labor force is 4% smaller.

That is so because the indirect and induced effects of a labor loss to the financial services industry are much smaller than the indirect and induced effects of a labor loss to manufacturing. Also, the sectoral composition of the impact is different. The IWU student Dominique Castle has written an economic letter about these scenarios. A brief GLT news segment on these estimates is available here.

Visitor Center at the McLean County Museum of History

The McLean County Museum of History expects 20,000 visitors a year to its soon-to-be-open Visitor Center. According to the Bloomington-Normal Area Convention and Visitors Bureau the average out-of-town tourist spends $41 a day in food and recreation. Other estimates, like this one from the Department of Community, Agriculture, Recreation and Resource Studies at Michigan State University, place even higher values on out-of-town visitor spending.

McLeanHistoryMuseum_logo

According to IMPLAN the $820,000 in food and recreation spending would generate a direct regional impact of $241,000, plus an additional $86,000 in indirect and induced activity. That would translate into 4.5 new jobs and $38,000 in additional state and local tax revenue. A brief GLT radio segment on this estimate is available here.

Unrealized Hotel Stays Related to the U.S. Cellular Coliseum

The Bloomington-Normal Area Convention and Visitors Bureau has estimated that due to the lack of enough accommodations for potential users of the U.S. Cellular Coliseum in downtown Bloomington in 2013 the area did not welcome 43,400 visitors or accrue $1.9 million in overnight hotel stays.

Visit_BNAccording to IMPLAN the $1.9 million in unrealized hotel stays would have generated an additional $672,000 in business activity. Thus, by missing on all those conventions and events the County forego a total of $2.6 million in economic output. That would have translated into 26 new jobs and $200,000 in additional state and local tax revenue.

Tools to Estimate Regional Economic Impacts

The Economic Development Council of Bloomington-Normal has lent us their copy of the IMPLAN software from MIG Inc.

EDC_logoIMPLAN is a well-established program for economic modeling that can be used to estimate the impact of a variety of business activities through a series of regional economic multipliers. Through the support of Illinois Wesleyan University’s Action Research Center we will purchase a copy of IMPLAN tailored to McLean County, lL. IMPLAN_logoAdditionally, the Ames Library will add a copy of the Bureau of Economic Analysis Regional Input-Output Modeling System (RIMS II) tables to its repository of databases and resources.

Renters’ Rights in a Foreclosure

ui_lawKomal Vaidya, Esq., Equal Justice Works Foreclosure Fellow from the Community Preservation Clinic at the University of Illinois College of Law is working toward guaranteeing renters’ rights during the foreclosure of a landlord’s property. We shared our foreclosure maps with her and discussed how to “flag” foreclosure procedures initiated against rental properties through the County Recorder’s Office Database.

Gathering New Data

We have visited the Recorder’s Offices in both Springfield (Sangamon County) and Urbana (Champaign County) in order to compile a list of Sheriff Deeds recorded between 2006 and 2013. Both counties use the Laredo software from Fidlar Technologies and the Recorders of Deeds kindly produced database queries containing the data that we needed.

Sangamon County Offices, Springfield, IL

Sangamon County Offices, Springfield, IL

Next we will extract the street addresses of the foreclosed properties so that Sarah Kolbe, our GIS consultant, can map them.

Research Team

The 2014 PNC Bank Foundation fellows are Stephanie (Steph) McAtee [left] and Dominique (Nikki) Castle [right, seated]. Brigitta Jakob [center] has joined us as part of the Summer Enrichment Program of the Office of Diversity and Inclusion at IWU.

2014 PNC Fellows

Left to Right: Stephanie McAtee, Brigitta Jakob, and Dominique Castle (seated)

Steph is a sophomore Economics and International Studies double major and Nikki is a junior Economics and International Studies double major. Brigitta, a first-year Economics major, is completing a summer internship on Economics Research through the Office of Diversity and Inclusion at IWU.