State Farm Insurance Companies is the single largest employer in McLean County. It recently announced the relocation of part of its roughly 15,000-strong labor force to new facilities in the U.S. South and Southwest. Although no precise figures have been disclosed The Pantagraph.com reports that the unit affected, the Illinois Claims Operations Center employs 1,600 people in Bloomington. What would be the economic impact of such as loss to the local labor force?
In order to benchmark that impact we could compare it to the loss of 1,200 jobs at the Mitsubishi Motors North America plant that occurred in 2004 when a whole production shift was eliminated. At that time Mitsubishi was the third largest local employer.
According to IMPLAN, although the direct loss to local labor from a potential relocation of 1,600 State Farm jobs is 33% larger than the direct loss to local labor from the elimination of 1,200 Mitsubishi jobs the total impact to the regional labor force is 4% smaller.
That is so because the indirect and induced effects of a labor loss to the financial services industry are much smaller than the indirect and induced effects of a labor loss to manufacturing. Also, the sectoral composition of the impact is different. The IWU student Dominique Castle has written an economic letter about these scenarios. A brief GLT news segment on these estimates is available here.
The McLean County Museum of History expects 20,000 visitors a year to its soon-to-be-open Visitor Center. According to the Bloomington-Normal Area Convention and Visitors Bureau the average out-of-town tourist spends $41 a day in food and recreation. Other estimates, like this one from the Department of Community, Agriculture, Recreation and Resource Studies at Michigan State University, place even higher values on out-of-town visitor spending.
According to IMPLAN the $820,000 in food and recreation spending would generate a direct regional impact of $241,000, plus an additional $86,000 in indirect and induced activity. That would translate into 4.5 new jobs and $38,000 in additional state and local tax revenue. A brief GLT radio segment on this estimate is available here.
The Bloomington-Normal Area Convention and Visitors Bureau has estimated that due to the lack of enough accommodations for potential users of the U.S. Cellular Coliseum in downtown Bloomington in 2013 the area did not welcome 43,400 visitors or accrue $1.9 million in overnight hotel stays.
According to IMPLAN the $1.9 million in unrealized hotel stays would have generated an additional $672,000 in business activity. Thus, by missing on all those conventions and events the County forego a total of $2.6 million in economic output. That would have translated into 26 new jobs and $200,000 in additional state and local tax revenue.
The Economic Development Council of Bloomington-Normal has lent us their copy of the IMPLAN software from MIG Inc.
IMPLAN is a well-established program for economic modeling that can be used to estimate the impact of a variety of business activities through a series of regional economic multipliers. Through the support of Illinois Wesleyan University’s Action Research Center we will purchase a copy of IMPLAN tailored to McLean County, lL. Additionally, the Ames Library will add a copy of the Bureau of Economic Analysis Regional Input-Output Modeling System (RIMS II) tables to its repository of databases and resources.
Komal Vaidya, Esq., Equal Justice Works Foreclosure Fellow from the Community Preservation Clinic at the University of Illinois College of Law is working toward guaranteeing renters’ rights during the foreclosure of a landlord’s property. We shared our foreclosure maps with her and discussed how to “flag” foreclosure procedures initiated against rental properties through the County Recorder’s Office Database.
Sarah Kolbe, our GIS consultant, has created animated maps of foreclosures in both Sangamon and Champaign Counties. Click on the pictures above to see the videos. These show where foreclosures are geographically concentrated over time.
We have visited the Recorder’s Offices in both Springfield (Sangamon County) and Urbana (Champaign County) in order to compile a list of Sheriff Deeds recorded between 2006 and 2013. Both counties use the Laredo software from Fidlar Technologies and the Recorders of Deeds kindly produced database queries containing the data that we needed.
Sangamon County Offices, Springfield, IL
Next we will extract the street addresses of the foreclosed properties so that Sarah Kolbe, our GIS consultant, can map them.
The 2014 PNC Bank Foundation fellows are Stephanie (Steph) McAtee [left] and Dominique (Nikki) Castle [right, seated]. Brigitta Jakob [center] has joined us as part of the Summer Enrichment Program of the Office of Diversity and Inclusion at IWU.
Left to Right: Stephanie McAtee, Brigitta Jakob, and Dominique Castle (seated)
Steph is a sophomore Economics and International Studies double major and Nikki is a junior Economics and International Studies double major. Brigitta, a first-year Economics major, is completing a summer internship on Economics Research through the Office of Diversity and Inclusion at IWU.
During the spring semester four IWU seniors (Jamal Smith, Jonathan (Jake) Bates, Megan Rogers, and Xinlin Xu) completed an internship with the City of Bloomington’s Economic Development Office. We met every other Friday in order to explore the economic viability of establishing a Tax Incremental Financing (TIF) District in West Bloomington.
At the end of the semester the students delivered a presentation of their findings in front of the City Council. You can read the story here.
Jonathan (Jake) Bates was selected to participate in the Seventh Annual Undergraduate Ethics Symposium organized by the Prindle Institute for Ethics at DePauw University.
Jake Bates (back row, center) at the 2014 Prindle Institute’s Undergraduate Ethics Symposium
The organizers called for proposals where undergraduate student work showcased the ethical dimension of the “critical issues of our time”. Jake wrote a short paper on the ethical implications of using crime data analysis to allocate Police resources. You can read the IWU news story here.